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    What is a Urine Complete Analysis Test?

    A Urine Routine test is a test that evaluates the various components of a urine sample. This simple and non-invasive test encompasses a variety of checks to detect or quantify several substances that may be present in the urine. A healthcare professional typically assesses the following broad aspects in this test:

    • Colour and Appearance: The physical examination of the urine.

    • Microscopic Findings: The microscopic examination of urine sample.

    • Chemical Findings: The analysis of various chemical components in the urine.

    A Urine Routine test can detect numerous diseases even before symptoms manifest. It is instrumental in identifying urinary tract infections (UTIs) and other problems such as kidney issues, diabetes, and liver problems. A Urine Routine test may also be conducted during a routine checkup, upon hospital admission, prior to surgery, or during pregnancy.

    Urine Complete Analysis Test Parameters

    A Urine Test consists of three components, each assessing different parameters:

    • Physical Examination

    This includes an examination of urine for colour and appearance. Normal urine colour typically varies within shades of yellow, ranging from colourless or pale yellow to deep amber, depending on the concentration or dilution of the urine. Cloudy, foamy or tea/cola coloured urine may indicate health problems.

    • Microscopic Examination

    This includes an examination of a small urine sample under a microscope to identify substances not normally present and invisible to the naked eye. These substances can include red blood cells (RBCs), epithelial cells, pus cells, mucus, urinary casts, amorphous phosphates, bacteria, yeasts, parasites, or crystals formed from chemicals in the urine.

    • Chemical Examination

    Also referred to as a dipstick test, this examination involves using a thin plastic stick with chemical strips attached. When dipped into the urine, these strips change colour if certain substances are present at levels above normal. A dipstick test can check for a variety of parameters, including bilirubin, glucose, nitrite, leukocyte esterase, urine specific gravity, ketones, urine pH level, proteins, blood, and urobilinogen.

    Urine Complete Analysis Test Preparation

    Given below is an overview of the test's preparation:

    Prerequisites

    Fasting is not needed for the Urine Test. Just ensure to consume enough fluids before the test to produce the required amount of sample.

    Best Time to Get Tested

    Usually, the Urine Test can be done at any time of the day. But in some cases your healthcare provider may need that the urine sample be taken at your first morning void, depending on the cause for the urinalysis. Should this be the case, your provider will inform you.

    Eligibility for Urine Test

    Anyone can schedule a Urine Test for various reasons, including as part of a routine medical examination, when experiencing symptoms of issues such as diabetes or kidney disease, to monitor ongoing conditions like diabetes or kidney disease under treatment, to diagnose a UTI, upon hospital admission, or as a preparatory checkup before surgery.

    Cautions Before Taking Urine Test

    The colour of urine might change due to the intake of certain medications. Thus, it is essential to inform your doctor about any medications you are taking. Additionally, for women who are on their periods, it is important to notify a doctor prior to sample collection as menstrual blood and vaginal discharge can interfere with the accuracy of the test results.

    Why Take a Urine Complete Analysis Test?

    A Urine Test in Bangalore may be done for various reasons. Some of them are:

    • During a routine medical examination, a Urine Test may be conducted to screen for early indicators of diseases such as kidney disease, diabetes, or liver disease.

    • In a person who is showing symptoms of health conditions like diabetes or kidney disease, the test aids in diagnosing the condition. The symptoms of diabetes might include increased thirst, loss of weight, blurred eyesight, hunger, weariness, and recurrent urination. A few common indications of kidney disease are loss of appetite, overall weariness and illness, headaches, dry skin and itching, nausea, and unintended weight loss.

    • For monitoring of health problems that are currently being treated such as diabetes or kidney disease.

    • To look for a UTI. Common symptoms include pain while urinating, lower abdominal or back pain and an increased urge to urinate.

    • When an individual is planned to have a surgery. In such cases, it is used in the diagnosis of kidney diseases, poorly managed diabetes, and UTIs.

    • In pregnant women, where it checks for elevated sugar levels, proteins, ketones, and bacteria in order to evaluate for bladder or kidney infections, dehydration, and preeclampsia.

    Urine Complete Analysis Test Results & Interpretation

    Below is the interpretation of Urine Routine test results:

    Visual Examination

    ResultsNormal RangeInterpretation
    ColourYellowTea/cola coloured urine may indicate urinary system damage.
    AppearanceClearCloudy or foamy urine may indicate infections and kidney problems, respectively.
    Volume800 to 2,000 ml/day 10Dehydration, reduced fluid intake, and certain chronic kidney diseases can decrease urine volume. Meanwhile, increased urine volume may be caused by conditions such as diabetes mellitus, increased fluid intake, certain kidney diseases, or the use of diuretic medications.

    Microscopic Examination

    ResultsNormal RangeInterpretation
    Epithelial Cells0-2 /hpfIncreased values in urine may signal UTI, inflammation, or cancer.
    Pus Cells0-5 /hpfElevated values may indicate UTI.
    RBCs0-2 /hpfIncreased values may indicate anticoagulant therapy, bleeding disorders, or past traumatic catheterisation.
    MucusNilPresence indicative of a UTI.
    Uric Acid CrystalsNilPresence of these indicates kidney stones or a risk of kidney stones.
    Phosphate CrystalsNilAs above
    Calcium Oxalate CrystalsNilAs above
    Amorphous UratesNilAs above
    Amorphous PhosphatesNilAs above
    Granular CastsNilPresence may indicate acute glomerulonephritis or pyelonephritis.
    Hyaline CastsNilPresence is normal and might result from strenuous exercise or non-renal conditions like dehydration.
    YeastNilPresence may indicate a yeast infection or a contaminated sample.
    BacteriaNilPresence may indicate a UTI.
    ParasitesNilPresence may indicate trichomoniasis.

    Chemical Examination

    ResultsNormal RangeInterpretation
    BilirubinNilElevated values may suggest liver diseases or conjugated hyperbilirubinemia.
    BloodNegativeSame as RBCs in microscopic findings.
    GlucoseNilPresence may indicate kidney disorders, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, hormonal issues, or pregnancy.
    KetonesNilPresence is observed in physical exercise, starvation, severe vomiting, cold exposure, and uncontrolled diabetes.
    NitritesNegativeElevated values might be due to bacterial nitrate reductase suggestive of bacterial cystitis.
    pH5.0-8.0High values may indicate conditions such as kidney issues and UTIs and low values may suggest conditions like diabetes-related ketoacidosis and diarrhoea.
    ProteinNilElevated levels may indicate dehydration, kidney disorders, heart failure, or transplant rejection.
    Specific Gravity1.001-1.035Abnormal results potentially indicate various health conditions. Increased urine specific gravity may be due to conditions such as dehydration, high sodium levels in the blood, heart failure, glucose in the urine, Addison disease, renal artery stenosis, shock, and syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion (SIADH). Decreased urine specific gravity may be caused by drinking too much fluid, low sodium levels in the blood, kidney failure, severe kidney infection (pyelonephritis), damage to kidney tubule cells (renal tubular necrosis), and diabetes insipidus.
    UrobilinogenNormalIncreased values may result from liver diseases, haemolysis, megaloblastic anaemia, or tissue haemorrhage.
    Leucocyte EsteraseNegativePresence detects esterase enzyme released from the granules of leucocytes.

    FAQs on Urine Complete Analysis Test in Bangalore

    The Urine Test price is ₹ 250. This cost covers the fastest home sample collection within 60 minutes of test confirmation, and the reports are available in 6 hours.

    Healthcare professionals commonly use a Urine Test to diagnose UTIs and to screen for or monitor common health conditions like diabetes, kidney disease, and liver disease.

    No, fasting is not required for the Urine Routine test.

    Here’s how to schedule any blood test or health checkup on our platform:

    • Find the Test: Search for the Urine Routine Test in Bangalore or at home and click on Orange Health’s listing.

    • Review and Proceed: Select the test, review prerequisites, enter your address details, and confirm your booking by choosing a convenient time slot for sample collection.

    • Sample Collection: Our proficient eMedic will arrive during your chosen time slot to collect the sample from your location.

    • Laboratory Processing: The collected sample will be dispatched to our NABL-accredited and ICMR-approved labs for examination.

    • Results Delivery: Your reports will be delivered to you via email or WhatsApp within 6 hours and will also be accessible through our app.

    Yes, Orange Health Labs provides home sample collection for the Urine Test at home. Your sample can be collected at home within 60 minutes of booking, subject to slot availability.

    Typically, normal urine color varies within shades of yellow, ranging from colorless or pale yellow to deep amber, influenced by the concentration or dilution of urine. Under normal circumstances, blood, glucose, and proteins should not be present in urine samples. If your results indicate the presence of any such particles, it is advisable to consult a doctor.

    You will receive your reports online within 6 hours of sample collection.

    The frequency of a urine routine examination will be determined by your doctor based on your symptoms, medical history, and individual risk factors.

    The Urine Test evaluates the sample physically for color and appearance. It also assesses for epithelial cells, red and white blood cells, mucus, urinary casts, amorphous phosphates, bacteria, yeasts, parasites, and crystals (microscopic examination). The test also helps analyze urine chemically to check for the presence of bilirubin, urobilinogen levels, glucose, nitrite, specific gravity, ketones, urine pH level, proteins, blood, and more.

    Symptoms indicating issues related to urine include changes in urine color, strong odors originating from urine, foaming or frothing of urine, increased frequency of urination, pain during urination, and experiencing pain in the lower back (not solely during urination).

    Risk factors for kidney stone occurrence include inadequate fluid intake, consumption of protein-rich foods, high sodium or sugar intake, vitamin C supplements, family history of kidney stones, urinary tract blockage, previous stomach or intestine surgery (such as gastric bypass surgery), certain medications (such as diuretics), and certain medical conditions (such as diabetes).

    Women are more prone to UTIs. Other risk factors include aging, urinary catheter use, diabetes, prostate problems in males, and infancy, particularly in babies with congenital urinary system abnormalities.

    Yes, females are more prone to UTIs due to several factors like a short and straight urethra, hormonal changes during menstrual cycles or pregnancy, and age-related changes in urethral tissues.

    A Urine Test can help detect health problems such as UTIs, diabetes, kidney disease, and liver disease.

    To collect a urine sample for a Urine Test at home, follow these steps:

    There are no risks associated with collecting urine samples for testing using the clean-catch approach. It does not hurt and is non-invasive.

    Before a Urine Test, ensure you have consumed enough fluids to produce a sample. Additionally, make sure to inform your doctor about any medications you are taking and whether you are menstruating, as these factors may influence the test findings.

    Orange Health Labs offers the fastest Urine Routine test services near you across Bangalore at the convenience of your home. Localities include but are not limited to Adugodi, Banashankari, Bannerghatta, Basavanagudi, Bellandur, BTM Layout, Chamrajpet, Cottonpet, CV Raman Nagar, Domlur, Electronic City, Frazer Town, Giri Nagar, Hebbal, Hennur, Hosur, HSR Layout, Jakkur, Jalahalli, Jaya Nagar, Kadugodi, Kammanahalli, Kengeri, Koramangala, Mahalakshmi Layout, Madiwala, Magadi Road, Malleshwaram, Marathahalli, Mathikere, Mysore Road, Nagarbhavi, Nandhini Layout, Old Airport Road, Peenya, RT Nagar, Rajaji Nagar, Rajarajeshwari Nagar, Sadashivnagar, Sahakara Nagar, Sanjay Nagar, Sarjapur, Seshadripuram, Shanthi Nagar, Shivaji Nagar, Sri Nagar, Tyagarajnagar, Uttarahalli, Vasanth Nagar, Vidyaranyapura, Vijaya Nagar, Whitefield, Yelahanka, Yeshwantpur.

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