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SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase ALT) Test

Alanine transaminase (ALT), also known as SGPT alanine aminotransferase, is an enzyme that is mainly found in your liver, though it exists in other parts of your body.
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What is a SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase ALT) test? 

ALT (SGPT), which stands for alanine transaminase, is an enzyme that isfound mostly in the liver. Usually, when liver cells are damaged, ALTenzymes are released into the bloodstream. An ALT test analyses the amountof ALT in the blood. High levels of ALT in the blood can be an indicationof a liver problem, even before you have signs of liver disease, such asjaundice, this condition causes your skin and eyes turning yellow. An ALTblood test might be helpful in the early detection of liver disease.


What are the other names for an SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase ALT)test? 

Other names for a SGPT test are:

Alanine Transaminase (ALT),

Serum Glutamic-Pyruvic Transaminase, 



What are the test parameters included in an SGPT (AlanineAminotransferase ALT)?

There is only one parameter: SGPT


What does an SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase ALT) testmeasure? 

  • An alanine transaminase (ALT) blood test analyses the amount of ALTin your blood. The ALT levels in your blood can increase when yourliver is damaged, so healthcare providers often use an ALT blood testto help assess the health of your liver.

  • Since there are many types of liver problems that can cause ALTlevels to increase, healthcare providers don't use this test alone todiagnose conditions. An ALT blood test is most often included in ablood test panel, such as a liver enzyme panel (HFP or LFT) or acomprehensive metabolic panel (CMP). A blood panel analyses severalaspects of your blood with one sample and can provide more detailedinformation about your overall health.


What’s the normal range? 

13 - 69 U/L


Who should get a SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase ALT)test? 

ALT test is usually used to evaluate whether someone has a liver injuryor failure. Your doctor may recommend an ALT test if you have any symptomsof liver disease, including:

  • Jaundice:   yellowing of your eyes or skin.

  • dark urine

  • nausea

  • vomiting

  • pain in the right upper quadrant of your abdomen.

An ALT(SGPT) test is often done with other liver enzyme tests. CheckingALT values along with levels of other liver enzymes can provide yourdoctor with valuable and more specific information about the liverproblem.


An ALT test will be done as a part of a routine checkup or requested ifsomeone has risk factors for liver disease, including:

  • family history

  • Heavy alcohol use

  • exposure to hepatitis

  • Taking certain medications

  • Diabetes


There are other reasons to perfdiabetesorm an ALT test including:

  • monitoring the progression of liver diseases, such as hepatitis orliver failure

  • assessing whether treatment for liver disease should be started

  • evaluating how well treatment is working


Preparations Needed For SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase ALT)test 

An ALT test doesn’t require any special preparation. Anyhow, you should tell your doctor about any prescription or over-the-counter medications that you are taking. Some of the medications may affect the levels of ALT in your blood. Your doctor may tell you to avoid taking certain medications for a period of time before the test.

What is the cost of a SGPT test?



SGPT Test in Bangalore

₹ 160

SGPT Test in Delhi

₹ 150

SGPT Test in Gurgaon

₹ 130

SGPT Test in Hyderabad

₹ 210

What is the type of sample required?

This test requires a blood sample.


Who performs a SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase ALT) blood test?

A healthcare provider, called a phlebotomist, usually performs blooddraws, including those for an ALT blood test, but any healthcareprovider trained in drawing blood can perform this task. The samples aresent to a lab where a medical laboratory scientist prepares the samplesand performs the tests on analysers.


What should I expect during my SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase ALT)blood test?

You can expect the experience the following during a blood test, orblood draw:

  • You will sit comfortably on the chair, and a healthcare providerwill check your arms for an easily accessible vein. This is theinner part of your arm on the other side of your elbow.

  • Once they have located a vein, they will clean and disinfect thearea with an alcohol swab.

  • Then they will insert a small needle into your vein to draw a bloodsample. This might feel like a small pinch.

  • After they have inserted the needle, the required amount of bloodwill collect in a test tube.

  • Once they have collected enough blood to test, they’ll remove theneedle and hold a cotton ball or gauze on the site to stop anybleeding.

  • They will place a band-aid over the pricked site, and the bloodcollection is finished.

This process takes less than five minutes.


What should I expect after my SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase ALT)blood test?

After a healthcare provider has collected the blood sample, they willsend it to a laboratory for testing. Once the test results are ready,your healthcare provider will share the results with you.


What are the risks of a SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase ALT) bloodtest?

These blood tests are very common and don’t carry any significantrisks. You may have a  slight pain like an ant bite when the needlegets inserted, and a small bruise may develop there.


When can I expect my SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase ALT)results?

These reports are available via email or WhatsApp within 6 hours of thecollection of the blood sample.


What do the results of an SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase ALT)mean?

The blood reports, including alanine transaminase (ALT) test reports,usually provide the following information:

  • The name of the blood test or what was analysed in yourblood.

  • And the number or the measurement of your blood test result.

  • The normal measurement values for that test.

  • The information that indicates if your results are normal orabnormal or high or low.


What are normal SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase ALT) results?

The normal range for alanine transaminase (ALT) may vary from laboratory to laboratory. One common reference range for an ALT bloodtest is 13 to 69 U/L (units per liter). ALT values are typically higherin people assigned male at birth than in people assigned female atbirth.

Since the normal ranges can vary depending on the laboratory, it’s important to check your test result report to see what your specificlab’s reference range is.


What other tests might I have along with this test?

Liver Function Test 

How to book a SGPT (Alanine Aminotransferase ALT)  test at home?

Log intowww.orangehealth.in and submit your details. Our highly trained, professional, and vaccinated eMedics will be at your doorstep within 60 minutes or at the time booked by you.

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