Lipid Profile Test

The lipid panel evaluates the amount of specific fat molecules called lipids in the blood. As a panel test, it analyzes multiple substances, including several types of cholesterol. The lipid panel is used in both children and adults to evaluate the risk of cardiovascular diseases like heart attack, stroke, eating habits, diet, stress, exercise, and lifestyle-related diseases.

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What is a Lipid Profile test? 

A lipid panel is a blood test that analyses the amount of certain fat molecules called lipids in your blood. In some cases, the panel includes four different cholesterol measurements and triglycerides too.

Having too many lipids (cholesterol and triglycerides) in your blood can lead to buildup in your blood vessels and arteries, which can cause damage and increase your risk of cardiovascular problems. Because of this, healthcare providers use the lipid panels for both children and adults to evaluate the risk of cardiovascular diseases like heart disease, heart attack (myocardial infarction) and stroke.

 

What are the other names for a Lipid Profile test? 

Other names for a lipid profile test are:

Lipid panel

Lipid test

Cholesterol panel

Coronary risk panel

Fasting lipid panel or non-fasting lipid panel

 

What test parameters are included in a Lipid Profile?

The Lipid profile tests include:

 

What does a Lipid Profile test measure? 

A lipid panel analyses  five different types of lipids from a blood sample, including:

  • Total cholesterol: This is the overall cholesterol level—the combination of LDL-C, VLDL-C, and HDL-C.

  • Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol: This is the type of cholesterol that is known as “bad cholesterol.” It can collect in your blood vessels and increase your risk of cardiovascular disease.

  • Very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol: This is a type of cholesterol that’s usually present in very low amounts when the blood sample is a fasting sample since it mostly comes from the food you’ve recently eaten. And an increase in this type of cholesterol in a fasting sample may be a sign of abnormal lipid metabolism.

  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol: This is the type of cholesterol that is known as “good cholesterol.” It helps to decrease the buildup of LDL in your blood vessels.

  • Triglycerides: are a type of fat from the food that we eat. Excessive amounts of triglycerides in your blood are associated with cardiovascular disease and pancreatic inflammation.

 

What’s the normal range of Lipid Profile test?

  • Cholesterol: upto  200 mg/dL

  • Triglycerides: normal: less than 150 mg/dL 

  • HDL Cholesterol: 40-60 mg/dL

  • LDL Cholesterol: less than 100 mg/dL

  • VLDL Cholesterol: 0-30 mg/dL

 

Who should get a Lipid Profile test?

  • In adults, it is recommended that even people with no risk factors for heart disease get a fasting lipid profile performed every four to six years. If you have any other risk factors present, it is recommended that the test be performed more frequently.

  • Persons with a family history of high cholesterol or heart disease

  • If you are overweight or obese

  • Drink alcohol frequently.

  • Smoke cigarettes

  • Lead an inactive lifestyle

  • If you have diabetes, kidney disease, polycystic ovary syndrome, or an underactive thyroid gland

Preparations needed for the Lipid Profile test 

Yes, fasting samples need to be collected after a minimum of 10–12 hours of fasting status. Only water can be consumed during this period. Do not consume any beverages like tea, coffee, or milk in the morning until specimen collection is completed.

What is the cost of a Lipid Profile test?

What is the type of sample required for a Lipid Profile test?

This test requires a blood sample.

 

Who performs a Lipid Profile blood test?

The provider then sends the samples to a lab where a medical laboratory scientist prepares the samples and performs the tests on machines known as analysers.

 

What should I expect during my Lipid Profile blood test?

You can experience the following during a blood test or blood draw:

  • It is usually done in the morning after an overnight fast. The blood is drawn from a vein, usually in your arm.

  • You will sit on a chair, and a healthcare provider will check your arms for an easily accessible vein. This is usually checked in the inner part of your arm, on the other side of your elbow.

  • Once they have identified the vein, they will clean and disinfect the area.

  • They will then insert a small needle into the vein to take a blood sample. You may feel a small pinch.

  • When the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood is collected in a vial or a syringe. The tourniquet is then removed to restore circulation, and blood continues to flow into the vial. Once enough blood has been collected, the needle is removed, and the puncture site is covered with a bandage.

  • They will place a spot bandage over the site after the blood is collected.

What should I expect after my Lipid Profile blood test?

After the healthcare provider has collected your blood sample, they will send it to a laboratory for testing. Once the test results are ready, your healthcare provider will share them with you.

 

What are the risks of a Lipid Profile blood test?

These blood tests are very common and don’t carry any significant risks. You may have a  slight pain like an ant bite when the needle gets inserted, and a small bruise may develop there.

 

When can I expect my Lipid Profile results?

These reports are available via email or WhatsApp within 6 hours of the collection of the blood sample.

What do the results of a Lipid Profile mean?

Blood test reports, including lipid panel blood test reports, usually provide the following information:

  • The blood test reports, including lipid panel blood reports, usually provide the following information:

  • The name of the blood test or what has been analysed in your blood.

  • Your blood test result has a number of values.

  • The values are within the measurement range for that test.

  • information that indicates if your result is normal or abnormal, or high or low.

 

What are normal Lipid profile results?

The optimal levels (measured in milligrams per deciliter of blood—mg/dL) for each of the four standard tests in a lipid panel are as follows:

Total cholesterol: below 200 mg/dL.

High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level: above 60 mg/dL.

Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol: below 100 mg/dL (People who have diabetes: below 70 mg/dL).

Triglycerides are below 150 mg/dL.

If the results are higher or lower than the target range, they may be classified as borderline-, intermediate-, or high-risk for cardiovascular issues. Generally, having higher-than-normal levels of total cholesterol, LDL, and triglycerides and lower-than-normal levels of HDL can increase your risk of cardiovascular disease.

It is rare to have abnormally low cholesterol levels. If you do, it is usually due to a health condition that is causing malnutrition.

What other tests might I have along with this test?

You can perform extended tests like lipoprotein A, Apo A1, and Apo B1.

FAQs on Lipid Profile Test

What does the Lipid Profile test indicate?

Lipids are simple substances that contain hydrocarbons. They, along with carbohydrates, protein, and nucleic acid, make for the four most biologically essential components required by the body for carrying out its day to day functions. Lipid abnormalities, such as high cholesterol levels, may result in critical disorders such as coronary artery disease, cardiac arrest or stroke etc.

What is the normal range of Lipid Profile test?

  • Cholesterol: <200 mg/dL

  • Triglycerides: Normal: <150 mg/dL

  • HDL Cholesterol: 40 - 60 mg/dL

  • LDL Cholesterol:  < 100 mg/dL

  • VLDL Cholesterol: 0 - 30 mg/dL

What happens if the Lipid Profile is high?

An excess amount of blood lipids can cause fat deposits in your artery walls, increasing your risk for heart disease.

What is normal cholesterol for females?

Both Males and Females have the same normal ranges.

Can I drink water before Lipid Profile test?

Yes, only water is allowed.

How to book a Lipid Profile test at home?

Log on to www.orangehealth.in and submit your details. Our highly trained, professional, and vaccinated eMedics will be at your doorstep within 60 minutes or at the time booked by you.

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