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    What is a Dengue profile (ELISA) Test?

    A Dengue test, also known as a Dengue Fever Profile (ELISA) test, analyses a blood sample to detect the dengue virus or antibodies produced by your body in response to the infection. This test is recommended if you are experiencing symptoms like high fever, headaches, muscle aches, and a rash, and have been in a dengue-prone area. Early and accurate diagnosis of dengue fever is crucial for effective management and prevention of potential complications. The Comprehensive Dengue test panel involves a range of tests such as:

    • Dengue NS1 Antigen Test: Detects the dengue virus itself, ideal for early-stage infection diagnosis.

    • Dengue IgG & IgM Antibody Tests: Helps identify past or current dengue infection with comprehensive testing.

    Getting a Dengue test in Mumbai is essential for the early diagnosis of mosquito-borne illnesses like dengue fever.

    Dengue profile (ELISA) Test Parameters

    The symptoms of dengue infection may not be specific. Due to this, rapid diagnosis of the infection is possible only through laboratory testing. In the Dengue Panel test, various parameters are included such as:

    Dengue tests such as NS1, IgM, and IgG use a specific method (ELISA) to measure the concentration of antibodies or antigens to ensure accurate diagnosis and monitoring of the course of infection.

    NS1 antigen

    This test identifies the NS1 viral protein in blood, indicating an active dengue infection. NS1 is a glycoprotein produced by the virus that triggers a strong immune response.

    IgM antibodies

    These antibodies appear in the blood approximately 4-5 days after symptoms onset, confirming the current dengue infection. They play a crucial role in the early diagnosis of acute dengue.

    IgG antibodies

    IgG antibodies against dengue typically emerge at low levels towards the end of the first week of illness. They persist in the blood for months, providing information on past exposure to the virus.

    Dengue profile (ELISA) Test Preparation

    When preparing for a Dengue test, here are some points to consider:

    Prerequisites

    There are no specific prerequisites, such as fasting, required for a Dengue Blood test.

    Best Time to Get Tested

    One should undergo testing promptly upon the onset of symptoms, typically within the initial 5 days of fever. NS1 Dengue Antigen tests are most effective within the first week of symptom onset, while IgG and IgM tests are more suitable for later stages, around 7-10 days after symptoms begin.

    Who Should Take the Test

    If you exhibit symptoms such as high fever, rash, joint and muscle pain, severe headache, bleeding (e.g., nose or gums), or pain behind the eyes, undergoing a Dengue test is recommended.

    Cautions Before Taking the Test

    There are no specific precautions that need to be taken before the test.

    Why Take a Dengue profile (ELISA) Test?

    Dengue Blood testing is integral to both individual health management and public health initiatives. Here’s why undergoing testing is crucial:

    Diagnosis of Symptoms: Due to its nonspecific symptoms, diagnosing dengue solely by symptoms like high fever, joint pain, pain behind eyes, and rashes can be challenging. Dengue tests help accurately diagnose the dengue fever.

    Distinguishing Dengue from Other Infections: Dengue often presents similarly to other febrile illnesses. Blood tests enable doctors to accurately differentiate dengue from other viral illnesses and administer specific treatments tailored to the disease.

    Prevention of Complications: Dengue tests can ensure early diagnosis and, thus, prevent life-threatening complications like dengue haemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome.

    Effective Management: Dengue Blood tests provide a vital means for early and accurate diagnosis. Detecting the virus promptly allows for the timely initiation of appropriate treatment strategies, enhancing symptom control and improving patient outcomes.

    Improvement of Public Health: Diagnosing dengue through blood tests is crucial for monitoring dengue outbreaks and exercising control measures to prevent disease outbreaks.

    At-home testing is available for Dengue in Mumbai. You can search online to find nearby facilities offering Dengue tests at home.

    Dengue profile (ELISA) Test Results & Interpretation

    Following the Dengue Profile test, doctors analyse the results to determine the dengue diagnosis. Results are reported as numerical values that carry diagnostic significance. Refer to the table below for an interpretation of test results:

    Antibody or AntigenResult (Index)Interpretation
    Dengue NS1 AntigenNegative ≤0.8 Equivocal 0.8 to ≤1.1 Positive ≥1.1For negative results, re-testing may be necessary. For an equivocal result, an alternative testing method should be used. A positive result indicates a primary* Dengue virus infection.
    Dengue IgG AntibodyNegative <0.8 Equivocal 0.8 to <1.1 Positive ≥1.1For negative results, re-testing may be necessary. For an equivocal result, an alternative testing method should be used. A positive result indicates either a primary or secondary** Dengue virus infection.
    Dengue IgM AntibodyNegative <0.8 Equivocal 0.8 to <1.1 Positive ≥1.1For negative results, re-testing may be necessary. For an equivocal result, an alternative testing method should be used. A positive result indicates a primary Dengue virus infection.

    *Primary dengue infection indicates dengue infection for the first time in a patient’s life. **Secondary dengue infection indicates that the patient has had dengue infection in the past and may have dengue again.

    Detection of the NS1 antigen indicates an active infection, while the presence of IgM antibodies suggests recent exposure to dengue. Detection of IgG antibodies indicates a past infection. Thus, these results allow for better treatment decisions and healthcare management aimed at ensuring a rapid recovery.

    FAQs on Dengue profile (ELISA) Test in Bangalore

    The cost of a Dengue Profile test in Mumbai is ₹ 1800. This includes expedited home sample collection within 60 minutes of booking, with swift delivery of reports.

    The Dengue test helps diagnose dengue fever. This blood test identifies antibodies in the blood against the virus or detects dengue antigens, aiding in early and precise diagnosis.

    The Dengue Profile test does not require fasting.

    Yes, you can opt for a Dengue test at home through Orange Health Labs in Mumbai. Upon booking confirmation, sample collection can be arranged at your residence or preferred location within 60 minutes, subject to slot availability.

    To book a Dengue Profile test:

    • Search for the test on our platform and select the Dengue Profile test in Mumbai or the Dengue test at home.

    • Review test prerequisites, provide your address, and confirm your booking by choosing a suitable sample collection time slot.

    • A skilled eMedic will collect your sample at the appointed time.

    • Samples will be processed at our NABL-accredited and ICMR-approved labs.

    • Receive your test reports via email or WhatsApp within 6 hours, and access them through our app.

    Dengue test results are interpreted as follows:

    • Dengue NS1 Antigen:

      • Negative: ≤0.8

      • Equivocal: 0.8 to ≤1.1

      • Positive: ≥1.1

    • Dengue IgG Antibody:

      • Negative: <0.8

      • Equivocal: 0.8 to <1.1

      • Positive: ≥1.1

    • Dengue IgM Antibody:

      • Negative: <0.8

      • Equivocal: 0.8 to <1.1

      • Positive: ≥1.1

    If you exhibit dengue symptoms, it is recommended to undergo testing within the first 5 days of symptom onset. Consult your doctor for additional tests as necessary.

    The Dengue test includes NS1 antigen, IgG antibody, and IgM antibody detection for an accurate diagnosis of the dengue infection.

    Fasting is not required for Dengue Blood tests. Consult your doctor if additional tests are ordered that may require fasting.

    IgG and IgM are antibodies produced by the immune system in response to infection. NS1 is a viral antigen indicating an active dengue infection. Measurement of NS1, IgG, and IgM levels aids in diagnosing dengue.

    Yes, dengue can be fatal, potentially leading to severe conditions like dengue haemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome, which can be life-threatening.

    Symptoms of dengue fever commonly include high fever (104°F/40°C), intense eye pain, rash, nausea or vomiting, and muscle, joint, and bone pain. In some cases, dengue may present without any symptoms.

    Dengue symptoms typically appear 4 to 10 days after a mosquito bite and persist for 3 to 7 days. Immediate testing upon symptom onset is recommended for a timely diagnosis.

    Dengue Profile (ELISA) test is available in Colaba, Nariman Point, Marine Drive, Malabar Hill, Churchgate, Worli, Dadar, Parel, Byculla, Bandra, Andheri, Juhu, Ghatkopar, Powai, Chembur, Vashi, Belapur, Santacruz, Khar, Versova, Lokhandwala, Goregaon, Borivali, Kandivali, Mulund, Bhandup, Kurla.

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